Rainbow Speakers

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The Rainbow Speakers Packs provide sets of structured, adult-led resources that work on developing the child’s spoken language, specifically the order of words in simple spoken sentences.

Some children have difficulties understanding and/or using spoken language. These
difficulties may be on-going and persistent, resulting in a diagnosis of Developmental
Language Disorder (DLD). It is estimated that there are two children with DLD in every
average class of 30 children. Children with DLD often have difficulties learning to read, spell

and use written language as well as difficulties related to communication.


The Rainbow Speakers Packs provide sets of structured, adult-led resources that work on
developing the child’s spoken language, specifically the order of words in simple spoken
sentences. It is suitable for pupils with moderate to severe and complex needs. These
children may need teaching and support to put together and say sentences to carry meaning
and so, communicate effectively.

The main activity is called Colourful Sentences. In this activity pupils organise picture cards and arrange them make a sentence which they then say out loud. The picture cards are colour-coded, following a modified version of the Fitzgerald Language Key developed in the 1920s by Edith Fitzgerald. The use of visuals by Speech and Language Therapists to support pupils to develop an understanding of oral (spoken) language structure is well established. Rainbow Speakers moves beyond basic sentence structure and includes auxiliary verbs, plurals, pronouns, prepositions, past tense, connectives and more complex sentence structure.

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Foundation Pack

In the Foundation Pack the pupil is taken step by step through simple spoken sentence construction using visual prompts and supports. Levels 1-4 work on basic sentence structure, levels 5-6 build on from this to enhance meaning by the introduction of descriptors and level 7 makes sure all little words are included.

Foundation Pack: Levels 1-7

Level 1    Who? (subject of the sentence - noun)
Level 2    What doing? (action - verb)
Level 3    What? (object of the sentence - noun)
Level 4    Where? (place)
Level 5    What like? (adjective)
Level 6    How? (adverb)
Level 7    Definite articles 'a' 'an' 'the'

                What next? (connective) 'and'

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Progression Pack

In the Progression Pack the pupil builds on from the work of the Foundation Pack to produce sentences with greater complexity. The pupil works through levels 8 to 12 step by step using visual prompts and supports. Through the levels, key parts of speech are introduced, including the introduction of quantity, time, auxiliary verbs and the use of the past tense.

Progression Pack: Levels 8-12
Revised Question   Who? or What? (subject of the sentence - noun)
Header Cards         What? or Who? (object of the sentence - noun)

Level 8     Plurals

                 Auxiliary verb 'is' 'are'

                 How many? (quantity)
Level 9     Where is it? (preposition)
Level 10   Who(se) is it? (pronoun)

                  Auxiliary verb 'am'
Level 11   When? (time)
Level 12   Did what? (past tense)

                  Auxiliary verbs 'was' 'were'
                  What next? (connective) 'because'

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